James Madison is one of the people who’s responsible for much of what citizens of the US consider their civil rights. I’m glad to note that this is his birthday. Mr. Madison’s crafting of compromises gives the term “compromise” a good connotation. Not only did he conceive of the balance of powers (the “Virginia Plan“), but he promoted the US Bill of Rights: Could we be happy without these rights?
- Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and the right to petition one’s government for redress of grievences.
- Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia (not my fave, but I understand it).
- Right to keep from quartering of soldiers in one’s home.
- Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.
- Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, and double jeopardy.
- Rights of accused persons to a speedy and public trial etc.
- Right of trial by jury of one’s peers in civil cases.
- Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments, and such.
Thank you, Mr. Madison.
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